We are analyzing what prevention strategies can help relieve work stress rates in the company.
Stress is an increasingly common state in society, especially within large cities. It is an alteration of the organism. Where we are overwhelmed by the demands of the environment.
When this is due to work, we can say that work stress. Today in this post, we will know what this alteration consists of, and we will talk about how to prevent occupational stress in companies.
For doing this, we will present six tips that companies can apply to prevent work stress among their workers.
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Work stress and stress: what are they?
Stress is a physiological state of the organism, which appears when the demands of the environment exceed the resources available to us. Sometimes the term “anxiety” is used to refer to how we feel in highly stressful moments.
Stress can appear in different areas of life, be it the personal, social, work environment … When it manifests itself in the work environment (that is, when it appears as a consequence of work), we talk about “work stress”.
Some survey confirms that up to 59% of workers suffer from work stress. which has a negative impact on the person’s health, but also on their productivity, quality of life, etc.
Work stress happens due to multiple factors:
Work stress might happen on numerous occasions. For example, a person may really feel below pressure if the calls for their job (comparable to hours or duties) are larger than they will comfortably handle.
Different sources of work stress include a battle with co-workers or bosses, fixed change, and threats to job safety, comparable to potential redundancy.
More causes can be: Many hours of work, High demands on the part of the company, A few hours of sleep, Having a self-demanding personality, Not meeting the objectives, Accumulated fatigue, etc.
When this stress is very high and appears along with other symptoms, then we talk about “burnout” or “burnout syndrome”. In fact, this syndrome has been recognized by the WHO (World Health Organization) as an official syndrome.
Its characteristic symptom is professional wear, which results in physical and emotional wear. But we are talking about more extreme cases than simple work stress.
That is why it is important to prevent the latter, to prevent it from leading to burnout syndrome.
Work stress symptoms
The signs of work stress can be different like: physical, psychological and behavioral.
Physical signs: Headaches, Fatigue, diarrhea or constipation, Muscular tension, Gastrointestinal upsets, Heart palpitations, Sleeping difficulties, insomnia.
Psychological signs: Anxiety, Depression, Irritability, Pessimism, Feelings of being overwhelmed, Cognitive difficulties, Discouragement.
Behavioral signs: Aggression, Disinterest, An increase in sick days or absenteeism, A drop in work performance, Mood swings and irritability, Diminished creativity and initiative, Isolation, Problems with interpersonal relationships, Lower tolerance of frustration and impatience.
How to prevent work stress in companies
But how to prevent work stress in companies? Is this possible? In this article, we will offer some tips to prevent work stress. Companies have to apply these techniques in their own way in the office.
1. Sports promoting Campaigns
The first tips we give on how to prevent work stress in companies, and that may be a good idea, is that companies offer their workers campaigns or programs aimed at promoting sports among their employees.
These may consist of planning certain sports activities throughout the year (for example once a week). The activities can be yoga, bicycle, basketball, soccer … There is a great variety of sports to choose from.
These activities should ideally be a group and involve as many workers as possible. From them, it will be pretended that the workers acquire habits of healthy living through sport.
At the same time, sport is a good tool to prevent and combat work stress, as it helps relieve tension and segregate endorphins.
In addition, these types of activities can also be a good option to strengthen the bond between workers, strengthen social relations and foster a good working environment.
2. Every day fruit in the office
This is our second suggestion, also related to the previous one, offers us another perspective on how to prevent work stress in companies. It is aimed, like the previous one, to promote healthy habits among workers.
Thus, food is another key piece to obtain this lifestyle. Healthy lifestyles allow you to prevent work stress, either on or off the job.
In addition, we all know that food greatly influences mood and energy. The initiative to provide free fruit to workers, although it may seem like a small gesture, can encourage other healthy behaviors in them.
3. Performing Mindfulness sessions
Mindfulness is, in turn, a philosophy of life, a healthy practice and a type of therapy. It consists of the practice of meditation, a state that is reached through concentration.
Meditation allows you to “leave your mind blank” and reach a sense of peace and fullness, through breathing and relaxation exercises. Thus, mindfulness is a very good tool to prevent stress.
The idea of proposing a mindfulness program within companies can also be a good option on how to prevent work stress in companies.
This program can consist of a weekly session of mindfulness in a space enabled within the company, or outside it (in an open space). These details will depend on the preferences and resource availability of each.
4. Arranging Massage sessions
Since it is considered innovative and healthy, Many companies implemented this proposal on their employers. They understand their workers value to prevent work stress.
Through it, a service of masseurs or physiotherapists who go to the office itself to perform a short-term message to workers (for example, between 15 minutes and 30 minutes) is hired.
These sessions can be spaced (for example once a week, once a month …), always depending on each company. The type of massage is usually in the neck and head, but it can also cover other areas (although in the office the most feasible is neck and head).
These massages can produce a state of relaxation in the worker, even if it is of short duration. Feeling good and comfortable in the office allows you to prevent the sensations of incipient stress or anxiety. In addition, this practice would allow “break” with the routine even for a short time.
5. Give Training about relaxation techniques
Another proposal we make on how to prevent work stress in companies has to do with relaxation techniques. Companies can schedule training for workers who explain different relaxation techniques.
Ideally, they can be applied inside the office, at a time of some wear or stress, or simply from time to time. There are exercises that can be done in the same office chair, or in another place depending on the type of work.
These can be breathing exercises or meditation. They can last a few minutes and apply when necessary. In addition, they will allow maintaining an adequate rhythm in the work, productive, but at the same time relaxed.
6. Teaching Ergonomics training
The last proposal we propose on how to prevent work stress in companies is training in ergonomics, a discipline within occupational hazards.
Although training in occupational hazards is mandatory for workers in all companies. Sometimes it is not sufficiently taken into account.
In addition, it is a good option to give special sessions of ergonomics, this discipline in particular. Which teaches us
- how to sit properly to avoid injuries or contractures,
- how to work, what temperature is appropriate within the office,
- what environmental conditions are the most suitable, etc…
Risk factors of stress
Internal and external control locus: The control locus refers to the firm opinion that the events that occur to us are controlled by what we do (it is the internal control locus) or by external causes that the individual cannot modify (locus external control). If a person suffers from an external control locus, they will probably suffer stress because they believe that they cannot do anything in the face of a dangerous situation.
Shyness: Some studies indicate that introverts are more sensitive to a stressful situation and suffer more pressure than highly sociable people by locking themselves and not facing a given situation.
Self-influence: When we believe that a situation is threatening we internalize that same pattern in our way of thinking. For this reason, in the same context, a person can react with serenity and another with stress. So ultimately this will affect your business and office coworkers.
The suspension of the habit: When suddenly something ends it is difficult to adapt again to a new routine (which is what gives us some stability in our lives) because the psyche deploys all the resources to return to adapt to the new context.
The eventuality of the unexpected: The alteration of some aspect of our life always generates destabilizes us to a lesser or greater extent (although the change is for the better) ergo causes us stress. For example, Got a new job.
Adequate working conditions, at the environmental level, as well as correct knowledge of how to work. This will allow the worker to be at:
- Ease (preventing work stress),
- Not harmed and
- Be the most productive.
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